Cartoons, -> Civil Procedure Cartoons
Swierkiewicz v. Sorema, S.A. cartoons image illustration picture
Swierkiewicz v. Sorema, S.A.

Description:
Discrimination complaints,.state a prima facie case, evidentiary standard for trial, not a rule of pleading.

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M.K. v. Tenet cartoons image illustration picture
M.K. v. Tenet

Description:
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 18 provides for unrestricted joinder of claims against an opposing party, severence.

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M.K. v. Tenet cartoons image illustration picture
M.K. v. Tenet

Description:
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 20(a) permits joinder of plaintiffs if all claims arose out of the same transaction or occurrence and share common questions of law or fact, permissive joinder.

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Too, Inc. v. Kohl's Department Stores, Inc. cartoons image illustration picture
Too, Inc. v. Kohl's Department Stores, Inc.

Description:
Contribution, implead, impleader, indemnity, indemnification, third-party complaint.

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Probable Cause cartoons image illustration picture
Probable Cause

Description:
Brendlin v. California; fruit of the poisonous tree; officers did not have probable cause to stop vehicle, passenger was seized and evidence discovered as result was inadmissible.

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In Re Petition of Sheila Roberts Ford cartoons image illustration picture
In Re Petition of Sheila Roberts Ford

Description:
Rule 27, authorize pre-complaint discovery, file a verified complaint.

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Cummings v. General Motors Corp. cartoons image illustration picture
Cummings v. General Motors Corp.

Description:
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(a), automatically disclose all documents and tangible evidence on which it intends to rely at trial, dislosure, motion to compel discovery, protective order.

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Polycast Technology Corp. v. Uniroyal, Inc. cartoons image illustration picture
Polycast Technology Corp. v. Uniroyal, Inc.

Description:
parties may depose non-party witnesses, deposition, testimony, protective order.

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Wilson v. Olathe Bank cartoons image illustration picture
Wilson v. Olathe Bank

Description:
Movants, protective order, federal rule of civil procedure 30(b)(2), record a deposition by nonstenographic means and is given the choice of the method of recording, absent annoyance, embarrassment, oppression, and undue burden or expense.

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In Re Auction Houses Antitrust Litigation cartoons image illustration picture
In Re Auction Houses Antitrust Litigation

Description:
A contract may form the basis of a discovery obligation under the federal rules of civil procedure, interrogatory.

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Zubulake v. UBS Warburg LLC cartoons image illustration picture
Zubulake v. UBS Warburg LLC

Description:
Expense and burden of certain discovery requests may be shifted to the requesting party, discoverable matter includes both paper and electronic documents.

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Battle v. Memorial Hospital at Gulfport cartoons image illustration picture
Battle v. Memorial Hospital at Gulfport

Description:
Deposition testimony of an unavailable witness may be introduced at trial, continuance, unavailability.

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Velez v. Awning Windows, Inc. cartoons image illustration picture
Velez v. Awning Windows, Inc.

Description:
Rule 56(f), timely respond to a motion for summary judgment, sanctions.

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Nick v. Morgan's Foods, Inc. cartoons image illustration picture
Nick v. Morgan's Foods, Inc.

Description:
Sanctioned, attorney transgressions, preserve the integrity of the judicial process, sanctions.

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International Ore & Fertilizer Corp. v. SGS Control Services, Inc. cartoons image illustration picture
International Ore & Fertilizer Corp. v. SGS Control Services, Inc.

Description:
appellate courts, cross appeal requirement, appellate record.

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Semtek International, Inc. v. Lockheed Martin Corp. cartoons image illustration picture
Semtek International, Inc. v. Lockheed Martin Corp.

Description:
Time-barred, longer statutory period, claim-preclusive effect of a judgment on the merits in a federal diversity action, claim preclusion, res judicata, statute of limitations.

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In Re African-American Slave Descendants Litigation cartoons image illustration picture
In Re African-American Slave Descendants Litigation

Description:
courts may order mandatory nonbinding mediation, alternative dispute resolution.

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Attorney Conflict of Interest cartoons image illustration picture
Attorney Conflict of Interest

Description:
Larson v. American Family Mutual Ins. Co.; an attorney's failure to sue an insurance company because he wanted to work there landed him in the same lawsuit.

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General Jurisdiction cartoons image illustration picture
General Jurisdiction

Description:
Perkins v. Benguet Consolidated Mining Co.; exercise general jursidiction gives court authority to hear all claims at place of defendant's domicile or place of service, without showing connection between specific claims and forum state.

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Purchases Alone Do Not Confer Jurisdiction cartoons image illustration picture
Purchases Alone Do Not Confer Jurisdiction

Description:
Helicopteros Nacionales de Colombia, S.A. v. Hall; buying products from a different state does not expose buyer to court jurisdiction unless sales resulted in other connections.

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In re Ameriquest Mortgage Co. Mortgage Lending Practices Litigation; cartoons image illustration picture
In re Ameriquest Mortgage Co. Mortgage Lending Practices Litigation;

Description:
Supplemental jurisdiction; 28 U.S.C. 1367; if federal court has jurisdiction over a federal claim, it has supplemental jurisdiction over state claims so related to original jurisdiction that they form part of the same case or controversy.

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Supplemental Jurisdiction cartoons image illustration picture
Supplemental Jurisdiction

Description:
Szendry-Ramos v. First Bancorp; no supplemental jurisdiction (formerly ancillary jurisdiction or pendent jurisdiction) if plaintiff's state law claims substantially predominate over the federal claims or raise complex or novel issues of state law.

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Short And Plain Statement of the Claim cartoons image illustration picture
Short And Plain Statement of the Claim

Description:
Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly; sufficient factual allegations required for Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2) short and plain statement of the claim showing that pleader is entitled to relief, give the defendant fair notice of claim and grounds upon which it rests.

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Prisoners Must Exhaust Remedies cartoons image illustration picture
Prisoners Must Exhaust Remedies

Description:
Jones v. Bock; prisoners must exhaust their remedies through the prison system before bringing a lawsuit.

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Spoliation of Evidence of Airbag Defect cartoons image illustration picture
Spoliation of Evidence of Airbag Defect

Description:
Silvestri v. General Motors Corp.; sanctionable spoliation is destruction or material alteration of evidence or failure to preserve property for another's use as evidence in pending or reasonably foreseeable litigation; manufacturer opportunity to inspect

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Unconscionability Doctrine for Employment Agreement cartoons image illustration picture
Unconscionability Doctrine for Employment Agreement

Description:
Ferguson v. Countrywide Credit Industries, Inc.; procedural and substantive elements of unconscionability required to render a contract unenforceable; arbitration clause; FAA Federal Arbitration Act.

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Pre-Dispute Arbitration Agreements Are Enforceable cartoons image illustration picture
Pre-Dispute Arbitration Agreements Are Enforceable

Description:
Carter v. Countrywide Credit Industries, Inc.; FLSA disputes may be arbitrated under the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA) absent grounds that exist at law or in equity for the revocation of any contract.

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Harmless Error Admitting Hearsay Evidence cartoons image illustration picture
Harmless Error Admitting Hearsay Evidence

Description:
Harnden v. Jayco, Inc.; summary judgment testimony usually form of an affidavit or sworn statement even if a court's consideration of inadmissible evidence is in error, such error is harmless it if does not affect any party's substantial rights.

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Collateral Estoppel cartoons image illustration picture
Collateral Estoppel

Description:
Kovach v. District of Columbia; doctrine of res judicata, or claim preclusion; final judgment on the merits precludes relitigation between the same parties concerning the same factual transaction.

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Federal Question Jurisdiction cartoons image illustration picture
Federal Question Jurisdiction

Description:
Grable & Sons Metal Products, Inc. v. Darue Engineering & Manufacturing; federal forum for federal tax litigation sufficiently substantial for exercise of federal question jurisdiction; federal title law; division of labor between state and federal courts

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Failure To Warn Lawsuit cartoons image illustration picture
Failure To Warn Lawsuit

Description:
United Oil Co. v. Parts Associates, Inc.; may obtain discovery regarding any matter, not privileged, relevant to claim or defense; other lawsuits regarding similar products relevant to a defendant's failure to warn; indemnify; indemnity agreement.

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Spoilation and Discovery Obligations cartoons image illustration picture
Spoilation and Discovery Obligations

Description:
Zubulake v. UBS Warburg LLC; corporate counsel has duty to communicate discovery obligations so all relevant information is discovered, retained, and produced; once duty to preserve attaches, identify all sources of discoverable information.

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Amount In Controversy Requirement cartoons image illustration picture
Amount In Controversy Requirement

Description:
Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Allapattah Services; class action, if named plaintiff meets requirement, supplemental jurisdiction over claims in same case or controversy even if claims for less than jurisdictional amount for diversity jurisdiction; Article III.

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Jurisdiction From Non-Interactive Passive Websites cartoons image illustration picture
Jurisdiction From Non-Interactive Passive Websites

Description:
Pebble Beach Co. v. Caddy; Due process is satisfied when the defendant has performed some act or consummated some transaction within the forum or has otherwise purposefully availed himself of the privileges of conducting business in the forum.

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Federal Question Jurisdiction cartoons image illustration picture
Federal Question Jurisdiction

Description:
Grable & Sons Metal Products, Inc. v. Darue Engineering & Manufacturing; The national interest in providing a federal forum for federal tax litigation is sufficiently substantial to support the exercise of federal question jurisdiction.

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Short and Plain Statement of Even A Fraud Claim cartoons image illustration picture
Short and Plain Statement of Even A Fraud Claim

Description:
Denny v. Carey; Rule 9(b)'s requirement of pleading fraud with particularity must be harmonized with Fed. R. Civ. P. 8's requirement of short and plain statement of the plaintiff's claim that is simple, concise, and direct; on information and belief.

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Voluntary Participation Before Magistrate Constitutes Consent cartoons image illustration picture
Voluntary Participation Before Magistrate Constitutes Consent

Description:
Roell v. Withrow; When a party has signaled consent to the magistrate judge's authority to hear a case through actions rather than words, there is little value in strict insistence on an express consent requirement.

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Courts May Use Non-Court Personnel cartoons image illustration picture
Courts May Use Non-Court Personnel

Description:
In re Peterson; The Seventh Amendment does not prohibit the introduction of new methods for determining what facts are in issue, nor new rules of evidence.

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McDonnell Douglas Test cartoons image illustration picture
McDonnell Douglas Test

Description:
Reeves v. Sanderson Plumbing Products, Inc; A discrimination plaintiff's case may be sufficient to submit to the jury if consists of a prima facie case of discrimination and sufficient evidence that defendant's proffered explanation was merely a pretext.

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Jurors Can Sometimes Question Witnesses cartoons image illustration picture
Jurors Can Sometimes Question Witnesses

Description:
Securities and Exchange Commission v. Koenig; Just as questions from the bench can provide insight that helps lawyers make a stronger case, so too can questions from the jury help lawyers tailor their presentations; motion in limine.

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Jurors Can Reconcile Inconsistent Verdicts cartoons image illustration picture
Jurors Can Reconcile Inconsistent Verdicts

Description:
Duk v. MGM Grand Hotel, Inc; Where the jury is still available, a district court's decision to resubmit an inconsistent verdict for clarification is within its discretion; comparative negligence; contributory negligence.

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Rule 60(d) Cause Of Action cartoons image illustration picture
Rule 60(d) Cause Of Action

Description:
Marcelli v. Walker; The elements of a Rule 60(d) cause of action include (1) a judgment that, in equity and good conscience, ought not be enforced; (2) a good defense to the cause of action on which the judgment is founded; (3) fraud, accident.

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Final Judgment Rule Usually Applies cartoons image illustration picture
Final Judgment Rule Usually Applies

Description:
Will v. Hallock; Collateral order requirements (1) conclusively determine the disputed question, (2) resolve an important issue completely separate from the merits of the action, and (3) be effectively unreviewable on appeal; collateral order doctrine.

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Rule Against Nonparty Preclusion Exceptions cartoons image illustration picture
Rule Against Nonparty Preclusion Exceptions

Description:
Taylor v. Sturgell; The rule against nonparty preclusion is subject only to certain recognized exceptions: (1) a nonparty may agree to be bound by a judgment, (2) certain substantive relationships..; virtual representation; virtual representation doctrin

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Contracts May Designate Agent For Receiving Service cartoons image illustration picture
Contracts May Designate Agent For Receiving Service

Description:
National Equipment Rental, Ltd. v. Szukhent; a contractually designated agent's prompt acceptance and transmittal to named defendants of a summons and complaint, pursuant to authorization contained in the contract, constitutes adequate service.

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Adding Related Companies To A Complaint cartoons image illustration picture
Adding Related Companies To A Complaint

Description:
Goodman v. Praxair, Inc; Under Federal Rule of Procedure 15(c), an amendment that changes the party against whom a claim is asserted relates back to the date of the original pleading under certain limited conditions such as related companies.

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Federal Courts May Hear State Law Claims Joined to Federal cartoons image illustration picture
Federal Courts May Hear State Law Claims Joined to Federal

Description:
United Mine Workers v. Gibbs; The exercise of pendent jurisdiction is within the sound discretion of the trial court; primary boycott; secondary boycott; supplemental jurisdiction.

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Ancillary Jurisdiction Requires Complete Diversity cartoons image illustration picture
Ancillary Jurisdiction Requires Complete Diversity

Description:
Owen Equipment and Erection Company v. Kroger; plaintiff in diversity case cannot rely on ancillary jurisdiction to permit amendment to complaint to bring claim against non-diverse third-party defendant; complete diversity; diversity jurisdiction.

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Court May Not Change Statutory Time Limits cartoons image illustration picture
Court May Not Change Statutory Time Limits

Description:
Bowles v. Russell; Time limits for filing a notice of appeal are jurisdictional in nature, and the untimely filing of notice, even if filed in reliance on a district court order, deprives the court of appeals of jurisdiction; equitable; habeas corpus.

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Interlocutory Appeals Involving Injunctive Relief Are Appealable cartoons image illustration picture
Interlocutory Appeals Involving Injunctive Relief Are Appealable

Description:
Carson v. American Brands, Inc; An appeal as of right may be taken from interlocutory orders of federal district courts granting, continuing, modifying, refusing, or dissolving injunction; consent decree; interlocutory.

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Partial Judgments Are Not Final For Purposes Of Appeal cartoons image illustration picture
Partial Judgments Are Not Final For Purposes Of Appeal

Description:
Nystrom v. TREX, Inc; Interlocutory appeals are within court's discretion, and will be granted only when court certifies that each ruling presented for appeal involves a controlling question of law as to which there is substantial difference of opinion.

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Nicotine Addicts Not Entitled To Class Treatment cartoons image illustration picture
Nicotine Addicts Not Entitled To Class Treatment

Description:
Castano v. American Tobacco; A district court must conduct a rigorous analysis of the Rule 23 prerequisites before certifying a class; sui generis.

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Suppressing Speech Not The Least Restrictive Alternative cartoons image illustration picture
Suppressing Speech Not The Least Restrictive Alternative

Description:
Ashcroft v. ACLU; statute that suppresses a substantial amount of protected speech is unconstitutional if less restrictive alternatives exist to further the governmental objective; content-based restriction; preliminary injunction.

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Attorney Filing Frivolous Case Is Subject To Monetary Sanctions cartoons image illustration picture
Attorney Filing Frivolous Case Is Subject To Monetary Sanctions

Description:
Chaplin v. Du Pont Advance Fiber Sys; Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11, a complaint must not be presented for an improper purpose, such as to harass or to cause unnecessary delay or cost of litigation; contain claims warranted by existing law.

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Compulsory Counterclaim cartoons image illustration picture
Compulsory Counterclaim

Description:
Podhorn v. Paragon Group, Inc; A defendant's claims against a plaintiff must be asserted as a counterclaim if arise out of the transaction or occurrence and do not require the presence of third parties over whom the court lacks jurisdiction.

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Discovery Request Challenge cartoons image illustration picture
Discovery Request Challenge

Description:
Moss v. Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Kansas, Inc; The burden of proving that a challenged discovery request is relevant is on the party who makes the request, while proving that the request is unduly burdensome rests with the party making the objection.

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Duty To Maintain All Material Evidence cartoons image illustration picture
Duty To Maintain All Material Evidence

Description:
Teague v. Target Corp; Spoliation is the destruction or material alteration of evidence or the failure to preserve property for another\'s use as evidence in pending or reasonably foreseeable litigation; mitigation-of-damages doctrine.

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Cost-Shifting For Discovery cartoons image illustration picture
Cost-Shifting For Discovery

Description:
Quinby v. WestLB AG; A court may shift the cost of restoring and searching for relevant information in an electronic form when the party who converts the data into an inaccessible format should have reasonably anticipated a need to produce that data.

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The Hague Convention or FRCP cartoons image illustration picture
The Hague Convention or FRCP

Description:
Société Nationale Industrielle Aérospatiale v. United States District Court; Hague Convention is not exclusive means for obtaining evidence located abroad; comity; mandamus.

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Summary Judgment Standard cartoons image illustration picture
Summary Judgment Standard

Description:
Scott v. Harris; When opposing parties tell two different stories, and one is blatantly contradicted by the record so that no reasonable jury could believe it, a court should not adopt that version for purposes of ruling on a motion for summary judgment.

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Domicile Is Determined By Entire Course of Conduct cartoons image illustration picture
Domicile Is Determined By Entire Course of Conduct

Description:
Ochoa v. PV Holding Corp; When determining a party's domicile, the controlling factors are the party's actual place of residence and the real intention of remaining there as disclosed by the party's entire course of conduct.

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Minimal Diversity Is Required For Federal Jurisdiction cartoons image illustration picture
Minimal Diversity Is Required For Federal Jurisdiction

Description:
Passa v. Derderian; The Multiparty, Multiforum Trial Jurisdiction Act (MMTJA) requires federal courts to abstain when substantial majorities of all plaintiffs and of the principal defendants are residents of a single state.

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State Class Action Lawsuits cartoons image illustration picture
State Class Action Lawsuits

Description:
Preston v. Tenet Healthsystem Memorial Medical Center, Inc; The Class Action Fairness Act (CAFA) creates a narrow exception to federal jurisdiction and allows the discretionary remand of purely local actions.

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Rule 23 Class Certification Requirement For Settlement cartoons image illustration picture
Rule 23 Class Certification Requirement For Settlement

Description:
Amchem Products, Inc. v. Windsor; Settlement is relevant to the certification of a class; however, the class unity requirements of Fed. R. Civ. P. 23 remain the dominant concern.

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State a Claim cartoons image illustration picture
State a Claim

Description:
Ashcroft v. Iqbal; pleading; facts to support claim; insufficient pleading.

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Preclusion cartoons image illustration picture
Preclusion

Description:
Brent Taylor, Petitioner v. Robert A. Sturgell, Acting Administrator, Federal Aviation Administration, et al.; rule against nonparty preclusion; nonparties are rarely bound by earlier judgments in similar cases.

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Cruel and Unusual Punishment cartoons image illustration picture
Cruel and Unusual Punishment

Description:
Brown v. Plata; expand interpretation; judicial system takes an active role in the state prison system.

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Duty to Warn cartoons image illustration picture
Duty to Warn

Description:
C.A. Hardy, et al. v. Johns-Manville Sales Corporation, et al.; not all asbestos manufacturers are liable in every asbestos related personal injury suit.

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Seizure of Property cartoons image illustration picture
Seizure of Property

Description:
Connecticut v. Doehr; pre-hearing seizure; only exigent circumstances justify a pre-hearing seizure.

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Jurisdiction Case cartoons image illustration picture
Jurisdiction Case

Description:
Goodyear Dunlop Tires Operations, S.A., v. Brown et ux.; sporadic, unrelated contacts are not enough for general jurisdiction.

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Electronic Discovery cartoons image illustration picture
Electronic Discovery

Description:
Helmert v. Butterball, LLC; e-discovery; unduly burdensome electronic discovery request.

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Jurisdiction cartoons image illustration picture
Jurisdiction

Description:
J. McIntyre Machinery, Ltd. v. Nicastro; purposeful contact with state is required to trigger jurisdiction.

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Relation Back cartoons image illustration picture
Relation Back

Description:
Krupski v. Costa Crociere S.P.A; amend pleading; relation back hinges on the knowledge of the party to be added, not the party seeking amendment.

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Joinder cartoons image illustration picture
Joinder

Description:
Lopez v. City of Irvington; joinder of claims; sever claims; a single transaction may encompass multiple occurrences.

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Class Action Jurisdiction cartoons image illustration picture
Class Action Jurisdiction

Description:
Phillips Petroleum Co. v. Shutts; minimum contacts are not required for absent class action plaintiffs.

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Federal Rules cartoons image illustration picture
Federal Rules

Description:
Shady Grove Orthopedic Assoc. v. Allstate Ins. Co.; diversity case; federal procedure that does not alter the rules for deciding a claim will control.

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Appointed Counsel cartoons image illustration picture
Appointed Counsel

Description:
Turner v. Rogers; appointed attorney; civil contempt case may not require appointed counsel even if incarceration may be ordered.

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Injunction cartoons image illustration picture
Injunction

Description:
U.S. v. New York Times; prior restraints on the publication of government information are unlikely when there is no threat to security.

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Gender Discrimination Class Action cartoons image illustration picture
Gender Discrimination Class Action

Description:
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes; Walmart sex discrimination; class actions require a common claim that can be resolved with one determination.

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General Jurisdiction Out of State cartoons image illustration picture
General Jurisdiction Out of State

Description:
Goodyear Dunlop Tire Operations, S.A. v. Brown; General jurisdiction involves continuous corporate operations within a state; sporadic sales are not sufficient contacts with a forum state.

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Nerve Center Test cartoons image illustration picture
Nerve Center Test

Description:
Hertz Corporation v. Friend; Diversity Jurisdiction; a corporation's nerve center is its principal place of business for purposes of diversity jurisdiction.

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Fair Housing Act cartoons image illustration picture
Fair Housing Act

Description:
Swanson v. Citibank; racial discrimination in house appraisal; state a claim that is plausible to survive a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim.

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Audiotape Evidence cartoons image illustration picture
Audiotape Evidence

Description:
Coble v. City of White House; Police audiotapes are not as conclusive as videotapes; corroborating evidence.

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Federal Rules Control cartoons image illustration picture
Federal Rules Control

Description:
Shady Grove Orthopedic Association v. Allstate Insurance Co.; Rule 23 Class Action; Federal procedure that does not alter the rules for deciding a claim will control in diversity cases.

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Rebuttal Evidence cartoons image illustration picture
Rebuttal Evidence

Description:
Bias v. Advantage Intern., Inc.; withstand motion for summary judgment; rebuttal evidence must cast doubt on credibility of testimony by using specific facts.

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Contention Interrogatories cartoons image illustration picture
Contention Interrogatories

Description:
Cable & Computer Technology, Inc. v. Lockheed Saunders, Inc.; Rule 33 states that an interrogatory is not objectionable because it asks for an opinion or contention that relates to fact or the application of law to fact.

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Internet Contact Jurisdiction cartoons image illustration picture
Internet Contact Jurisdiction

Description:
Community Trust Bancorp, Inc. v. Community Trust Financial Corp.; online services; continuous interaction with forum state supports jurisdiction.

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Defective Consent to Removal cartoons image illustration picture
Defective Consent to Removal

Description:
Davis v. City of Shreveport Police Dept.; All properly joined and served defendants must join in the notice of removal or otherwise consent to the removal or the removal is defective.

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Amount in Controversy Calculation cartoons image illustration picture
Amount in Controversy Calculation

Description:
Freeland v. Liberty Mut. Fire Ins. Co.; to support diversity jurisdiction, amount in controversy is the value of the consequences that may result from the litigation.

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Malpractice is a State Law Claim cartoons image illustration picture
Malpractice is a State Law Claim

Description:
Gunn v. Minton; legal malpractice cases do not arise under federal law even when the underlying case involved a controversy over the application of federal law.

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Diversity Jurisdiction Not for Aliens cartoons image illustration picture
Diversity Jurisdiction Not for Aliens

Description:
H.K. Hullin International Trade Co., Ltd. v. Kevin Multiline Polymer, Inc.; No diversity exists in suits between resident and nonresident aliens.

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A Deposition is a Deposition cartoons image illustration picture
A Deposition is a Deposition

Description:
Tatman v. Collins; Discovery depositions may be introduced at trial; Federal Rules of Civil Procedure make no disctiction between discovery depositions and trial depositions.

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Arbitration Agreements are Enforceable cartoons image illustration picture
Arbitration Agreements are Enforceable

Description:
AT&T Mobility LLC v. Concepcion; Federal Arbitration Act will preempt state laws on the unconscionability of contracts if those laws single out arbitration and make private agreements to arbitrate unenforceable.

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Interpleader cartoons image illustration picture
Interpleader

Description:
Paragon Molding Ltd. v. Safeco Insurance Company; Interpleader exists to resolve inconsistent claims against designated assets based on mutually exclusive theories; resolve claims to the same funds and assets.

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Preliminary Injunction Against Public Interest cartoons image illustration picture
Preliminary Injunction Against Public Interest

Description:
Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.; When ruling on a request for a preliminary injunction, a court must consider the consequences to the public interest of granting the request; great deference to the military.

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Appearance of Bias Matters cartoons image illustration picture
Appearance of Bias Matters

Description:
Caperton v. A.T. Massey Coal Co.; Appearance of risk of actual judicial bias may require a judge to recuse himself from consideration of a particular case.

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