Cartoons, -> Employment Law Cases
Vallone v. CNA Financial Corporation cartoons image illustration picture
Vallone v. CNA Financial Corporation

Description:
Presumption that benefit plans are not vested, withdrawal of benefits, lifetime benefits.

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Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky, Inc. v. Williams cartoons image illustration picture
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky, Inc. v. Williams

Description:
Qualify as disabled under the ADA, physical impairment, mental impairment, substantially limits a major life activity, Americans with Disabilities Act.

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Singer v. Beach Trading Co. cartoons image illustration picture
Singer v. Beach Trading Co.

Description:
Negligent misrepresentations in references, former employee work history, false or inaccurate information.

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Russell v. Board of County Commissioners cartoons image illustration picture
Russell v. Board of County Commissioners

Description:
Employee handbook forms an implied employment contract, disclimer, implied-in-fact, implied-in-law.

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McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green cartoons image illustration picture
McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green

Description:
Employers non-discriminatory justifications for actions, Title VII case, unlawful discrimination, pretext.

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Kentucky Association of Health Plans, Inc. v. Miller cartoons image illustration picture
Kentucky Association of Health Plans, Inc. v. Miller

Description:
State statutes, relationship between insurers and health-care providers, ERISA, state laws, employment benefit plan, regulate insurance, banking, and securities.

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Howard Delivery Service, Inc. v. Zurich American Insurance Co. cartoons image illustration picture
Howard Delivery Service, Inc. v. Zurich American Insurance Co.

Description:
Workers compensation insurance, employee benefit plan, bankruptcy, ERISA, Chapter 11.

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Fraser v. Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company cartoons image illustration picture
Fraser v. Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company

Description:
Employer access to emails received or sent at work, Electronic Communications Privacy Act.

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Back v. Hastings on Hudson Union Free School District cartoons image illustration picture
Back v. Hastings on Hudson Union Free School District

Description:
Gender-stereotyping, establish discrimination on basis of sex.

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Administaff v. New York Joint Board cartoons image illustration picture
Administaff v. New York Joint Board

Description:
Joint employers, WARN Act violations, ordered a closing or layoff.

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Alaska Civil Liberties Union v. State cartoons image illustration picture
Alaska Civil Liberties Union v. State

Description:
Legally marry, receipt of benefits on marital status.

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Arres v. IMI Cornelius Remcor, Inc. cartoons image illustration picture
Arres v. IMI Cornelius Remcor, Inc.

Description:
An employee may not unilaterally disregard an employer directions despite a good faith belief.

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Bammert v. Don's Super Valu, Inc. cartoons image illustration picture
Bammert v. Don's Super Valu, Inc.

Description:
At-will employees, terminated in retaliation, wrongful discharge action, public policy exception.

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Bard v. Bath Iron Works Corp. cartoons image illustration picture
Bard v. Bath Iron Works Corp.

Description:
Retaliatory discharge, Whistleblowers Protection Act, threaten discriminate against an employee.

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Barnhart v. Thomas cartoons image illustration picture
Barnhart v. Thomas

Description:
Ineligible for benefits, Social Security Act, Social Security Administration.

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BP, Inc. v. Alvarez cartoons image illustration picture
BP, Inc. v. Alvarez

Description:
Compensable time, activity integral and indispensable, Fair Labor Standards Act.

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Burlington Northern & Santa Fe Ry. Co. v. White cartoons image illustration picture
Burlington Northern & Santa Fe Ry. Co. v. White

Description:
Unlawful retaliation need not be employment-related or workplace-related, Title VII anti-retaliation provision forbids retaliation, Title VII of Civil Rights Act of 1964.

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Campbell v. General Dynamics Government Systems Corporation cartoons image illustration picture
Campbell v. General Dynamics Government Systems Corporation

Description:
Mandatory arbitration policy, judicial forum, alternative dispute resolution, arbitration clause.

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Chao v. OSHRC (Erik K. Ho) cartoons image illustration picture
Chao v. OSHRC (Erik K. Ho)

Description:
National labor market, interstate commerce, business actions, Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

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Cleary v. American Airlines cartoons image illustration picture
Cleary v. American Airlines

Description:
Employers follow company procedures before discharging employees, wrongful discharge, implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing.

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Curay-Cramer v. Ursuline Academy cartoons image illustration picture
Curay-Cramer v. Ursuline Academy

Description:
Religious employers not exempt from Title VII, anti-retaliation claims, religion clause, Title VII of Civil Rights Act of 1964.

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Estee Lauder Cos. v. Shashi Batra cartoons image illustration picture
Estee Lauder Cos. v. Shashi Batra

Description:
Non-compete agreements enforced by injunction, employee agreement, geographical scope and duration are reasonable.

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Garcetti v. Ceballos cartoons image illustration picture
Garcetti v. Ceballos

Description:
Citizen speech, public-employee speech, First Amendment, freedom of speech.

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Gardner v. Loomis Armored, Inc. cartoons image illustration picture
Gardner v. Loomis Armored, Inc.

Description:
Terminate, discharge employee, violating company policy, imminent danger.

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Greenawalt v. Indiana Department of Corrections cartoons image illustration picture
Greenawalt v. Indiana Department of Corrections

Description:
Employer-administered psychological examinations, unconstitutional searches, The Fourth Amendment, highly personal private information, state action.

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Guess v. Sharp Manufacturing of America cartoons image illustration picture
Guess v. Sharp Manufacturing of America

Description:
An injury is compensable under workers compensation only if it arises out of and in the course of employment.

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Hansen v. America Online, Inc. cartoons image illustration picture
Hansen v. America Online, Inc.

Description:
Employers ban guns from premises, infringing employees constitutional rights, right to bear arms.

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Jaime v. Director, Department of Emplyment Security cartoons image illustration picture
Jaime v. Director, Department of Emplyment Security

Description:
Employment conditions, voluntarily quit, attributable to employer, action or inaction of the employer.

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Jespersen v. Harrah's Operating Co., Inc. cartoons image illustration picture
Jespersen v. Harrah's Operating Co., Inc.

Description:
Gender-specific employment policies, discrimination.

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Lester v. Department of Employment Security cartoons image illustration picture
Lester v. Department of Employment Security

Description:
Job offers accepted, refusal must be reasonable.

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Lomack v. City of Newark cartoons image illustration picture
Lomack v. City of Newark

Description:
Diversity policies, racial balance, affirmative action, equal protection, strict scrutiny, suspect classification.

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New York State Conference of Blue Cross & Blue Shield Plans v. Travelers Insurance Company cartoons image illustration picture
New York State Conference of Blue Cross & Blue Shield Plans v. Travelers Insurance Company

Description:
ERISA does not preempt state laws, indirect economic effect on ERISA, Employee Retirement Income Security Act, health-maintenance organization.

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Pennsylvania State Police v. Suders cartoons image illustration picture
Pennsylvania State Police v. Suders

Description:
Agency principles, harassment of employees, utilize established procedures in workplace, constructive discharge, hostile-environment sexual harassment, vicarious liability.

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Perry v. State cartoons image illustration picture
Perry v. State

Description:
Workers compensation, benefits not paid for injuries caused by knowing rule violations, explicit employment policy, course of employment.

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Petty v. University of Delaware cartoons image illustration picture
Petty v. University of Delaware

Description:
Available for work, qualified, willing, able, and ready to accept employment, no good cause to refuse.

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Preston v. Wisconsin Health Fund cartoons image illustration picture
Preston v. Wisconsin Health Fund

Description:
Sex discrimination, affirmative action.

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Quik'n Tasty Foods, Inc. v. Division of Employment Security cartoons image illustration picture
Quik'n Tasty Foods, Inc. v. Division of Employment Security

Description:
Good cause, attributable to the employer, constructive discharge.

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Reed v. The Great Lakes Companies, Inc. cartoons image illustration picture
Reed v. The Great Lakes Companies, Inc.

Description:
Title VII forbids intentional discrimination on the basis of ones religion, affirmative duty, reasonably accommodate any bona fide religious beliefs.

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Sauerland v. Florida Unemployment Appeals Commission cartoons image illustration picture
Sauerland v. Florida Unemployment Appeals Commission

Description:
A single act of misconduct involving dishonesty or a critical offense may disqualify a discharged employee from receiving unemployment benefits.

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Smith v. City of Jackson cartoons image illustration picture
Smith v. City of Jackson

Description:
Disparate-impact, Age Discrimination in Employment Act, disparate treatment, age discrimination case.

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Solon v. Gary Community School Coporation cartoons image illustration picture
Solon v. Gary Community School Coporation

Description:
Employee benefits plan, unlawful age-based discrimination, Age Discrimination in Employment Act.

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Springfield Rare Coin Galleries v. Mileham cartoons image illustration picture
Springfield Rare Coin Galleries v. Mileham

Description:
Customer information, confidential, restrictive covenant.

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Stone Container Corp. v. Castle cartoons image illustration picture
Stone Container Corp. v. Castle

Description:
Compensable appliance, workers compensation insurance.

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Tri-County Youth Programs, Inc. v. Acting Deputy Director of the Division of Employment & Training cartoons image illustration picture
Tri-County Youth Programs, Inc. v. Acting Deputy Director of the Division of Employment & Training

Description:
Sexual harassment, good cause attributable to the employer to quit, hostile environment.

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Varity Corporation v. Howe cartoons image illustration picture
Varity Corporation v. Howe

Description:
Intentional representations, future of plan benefits, act of plan administration giving rise to a fiduciary duty, fiduciary receiver.

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Wernsing v. Department of Human Services cartoons image illustration picture
Wernsing v. Department of Human Services

Description:
Equal Pay Act, equal skill, effort, and responsibility, and which are performed under similar working conditions, disparate impact, disparate treatment.

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Williams v. Mohawk Industries., Inc. cartoons image illustration picture
Williams v. Mohawk Industries., Inc.

Description:
Civil RICO claim, pattern of racketeering activity, Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act.

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Yanowitz v. L'Oreal USA, Inc. cartoons image illustration picture
Yanowitz v. L'Oreal USA, Inc.

Description:
Protected activity under the California Fair Employment and Housing Act, retaliate against, retaliatory discharge, Whistleblower Act.

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Zambrano v. Reinert cartoons image illustration picture
Zambrano v. Reinert

Description:
States may treat seasonal employees differently for unemployment insurance purposes, Equal Protection, Rational Basis Test.

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Job Applicants May Not Recover If Not Harmed cartoons image illustration picture
Job Applicants May Not Recover If Not Harmed

Description:
Starbucks Corp. v. Superior Court; A disclaimer in a standard job application advising an applicant that he or she need not complete certain sections as provided by local law must be clear and conspicuous .

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Cat's Paw Theory cartoons image illustration picture
Cat's Paw Theory

Description:
Staub v. Proctor Hospital; Under the cat's paw theory, discriminatory animus of non-decisionmakers can be imputed to decisionmakers only when the non-decisionmaker has a singular influence over the decisionmaker and uses that influence.

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Retaliation Claim Basis Opposition cartoons image illustration picture
Retaliation Claim Basis Opposition

Description:
Crawford v. Metropolitan Government Nashville; Under Title VII, an employee may "oppose" unlawful employment practice as required as a condition precedent to a retaliation claim even though opposition is not expressed as a discrimination claim.

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Intentional Discrimination By Employer cartoons image illustration picture
Intentional Discrimination By Employer

Description:
Ricci v. DeStefano; Under Title VII, before an employer can engage in intentional discrimination for the asserted purpose of avoiding or remedying an unintentional disparate impact, must have a strong basis to believe disparate-impact liability.

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Employers Can Prefer Certain Characteristics cartoons image illustration picture
Employers Can Prefer Certain Characteristics

Description:
EEOC v. Schneider National, Inc.; An employer is free to decide that some physical and mental characteristics that do not constitute an impairment are more or less preferable and may make individual employees more or less suitable for the job.

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Employer Provided Parking Is Reasonable Accomodation cartoons image illustration picture
Employer Provided Parking Is Reasonable Accomodation

Description:
Lyons v. Legal Aid Society; Under the Americans with Disabilities Act and Rehabilitation Act (ADA), employers must accommodate requests that facilitate arrival and departure from workplace if no undue hardship on operation employer's business.

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Fair Labor Standards Act cartoons image illustration picture
Fair Labor Standards Act

Description:
In re Novartis Wage & Hour Litigation; Per the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) overtime-pay exemption, "outside salesmen" facilitate the transfer of title to goods; "administrative employees" exercise discretion and independent judgment.

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Common Law Tort Of Intrusion cartoons image illustration picture
Common Law Tort Of Intrusion

Description:
Hernandez v. Hillsides, Inc.; violation of common law tort of intrusion is intentional intrusion into a place, conversation, or matter plaintiff has a reasonable expectation of privacy, in a manner highly offensive to a reasonable person.

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Employers May Monitor Messages Received By Employees On The Job cartoons image illustration picture
Employers May Monitor Messages Received By Employees On The Job

Description:
City of Ontario v. Quon; Even when employee has reasonable expectation of privacy in workplace, government employer does not violate Fourth Amendment when it invades the employee's privacy for a legitimate work-related reason.

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Employer's Customer Lists Are Confidential And Proprietary cartoons image illustration picture
Employer's Customer Lists Are Confidential And Proprietary

Description:
Lamorte Burns & Co. v. Walters; Specific information provided by employer to employee, in course of employment, and for sole purpose of servicing employer's customers, is legally protectable as confidential proprietary information.

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Vacation Time Accrual In Chapter 11 Bankruptcy cartoons image illustration picture
Vacation Time Accrual In Chapter 11 Bankruptcy

Description:
In re American Housing Foundation, Debtor; After an employer's bankruptcy case commences, an employer is only obligated to pay for unused vacation time if the right to payment is specifically expressed in its employment contract with the employee.

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Pre-Petition Retiree Benefits In Chapter 11 cartoons image illustration picture
Pre-Petition Retiree Benefits In Chapter 11

Description:
In re A.C.E. Elevator Co., Inc.; Benefits accruing for services rendered prior to the bankruptcy petition ordinarily relate back to the date of the services but "retiree benefits" under the Bankruptcy Code have a priority claim.

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Defined Contribution Plan Individual Remedies cartoons image illustration picture
Defined Contribution Plan Individual Remedies

Description:
LaRue v. DeWolff, Boberg & Associates, Inc.; Although no remedy is available for individual injuries in defined contribution plan, individuals may recover for fiduciary breaches that impair the value of plan assets in the participant's individual account.

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Notice Period For Mass Layoffs cartoons image illustration picture
Notice Period For Mass Layoffs

Description:
Gross v. Hale-Halsell Co. An employer may order a plant closing or mass layoff before the conclusion of the statutory sixty-day notice period if the closing or mass layoff is caused by business circumstances that were not reasonably foreseeable.

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Impermissable Employer Questions Under the ADA cartoons image illustration picture
Impermissable Employer Questions Under the ADA

Description:
Harrison v. Benchmark Electronics Huntsville, Inc. Under the Americans Disabilities Act an employer may not conduct pre-offer medical examination or make inquiries of job applicant whether applicant.

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Previous Employer Duty to Disclose Negative Information cartoons image illustration picture
Previous Employer Duty to Disclose Negative Information

Description:
Kadlec Medical Center v. Lakeview Anesthesia Associates. A person has a duty to avoid affirmative misrepresentations in referral letters and a duty to disclose omitted information if a fiduciary or confidential relationship exists or a pecuniary interest

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Fiduciary Duty to Employer cartoons image illustration picture
Fiduciary Duty to Employer

Description:
Rash v. J.V. Intermediate, Ltd.; unless otherwise agreed, an agent is subject to a duty to his principal to act solely for the benefit of the principal in all matters connected with his agency.

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Duties of Care and Loyalty cartoons image illustration picture
Duties of Care and Loyalty

Description:
Sandvick v. LaCrosse; a partners and joint venturers both owe a duty of care and loyalty to each other.

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Assumption of LLC Liability cartoons image illustration picture
Assumption of LLC Liability

Description:
Racing Investment Fund 2000, LLC v. Clay Ward Agency, Inc.; assumption of personal liability by a member of an LLC is so antithetical to the purpose of a limited liability company that it must be stated in unequivocal terms.

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Shareholder Adoption of Bylaws cartoons image illustration picture
Shareholder Adoption of Bylaws

Description:
CA, Inc. v. AFSCME Employees Pension Plan; bylaws may be unilaterally adopted by shareholders only when they appropriately relate to corporate processes rather than substantive decisions and do not otherwise violate the law.

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Exchange Of Debt cartoons image illustration picture
Exchange Of Debt

Description:
Bank of New York Mellon v. Realogy Corporation; the fact that loans under credit agreements are usually funded in cash does not mean that the word "loan" cannot encompass borrowings funded otherwise.

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